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Websites – Australia       

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Clean Energy Council

The Clean Energy Council is an amalgamation of the Australian Wind Energy Industry Association (Auswind) and the Australian Business Council for Sustainable Energy (BCSE).  Council members comprise over 400 businesses covering a quarter of Australia's total electricity production including gas, wind, hydro and bioenergy, together with the low-emission energy and energy efficiency sectors, including solar PV, solar hot water, biomass, geothermal and cogeneration.  The clean energy sector is focused on tackling climate change in Australia.  The Council maintains that, as stationary energy is responsible for 50% of Australia's emissions, with electricity production by far the largest contributor, any responsible remedy to climate change must tackle Australia's electricity mix.


Demand Management and Planning Project

The Demand Management and Planning Project is looking at opportunities to use demand-side management to defer or avoid expansion of the electricity supply network in the inner Sydney region.  The project is identifying and investigating the potential for reducing the demand for electricity in the region.  Opportunities exist to reduce the level of use of electricity by existing and proposed end users.  Through realising these opportunities, it may be possible to offset the natural growth in electricity usage and so defer or avoid the need for further expansion of the network infrastructure.


Essential Services Commission of South Australia

The Essential Services Commission of South Australia (ESCOSA) regulates the electricity supply industry, the gas supply industry, access to ports and maritime services, and access to certain railways in the State of South Australia.  ESCOSA has produced several reports on the framework for meeting electricity distributors’ statutory obligations in relation to demand-side management in South Australia.


Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal of NSW

The Independent Pricing and Regulatory Tribunal (IPART) is an independent body that regulates the water, gas, electricity and public transport industries in the State of New South Wales.  IPART has produced several reports on the role of demand management in the NSW electricity industry and during 2002 held an Inquiry into the role of demand management and other options in the provision of energy services.  IPART also administers the NSW Greenhouse Gas Abatement Scheme and its Register of abatement certificates.


Ministerial Council on Energy

The Ministerial Council on Energy (MCE) was established by the Council of Australian Governments to provide a forum for national leadership on energy issues.  The MCE comprises Ministers with responsibility for energy from the Commonwealth (federal), State and Territory governments.  The MCE has responsibility to provide effective policy leadership to meet the opportunities and challenges facing the energy sector and to oversee the continued development of national energy policy.  A key task of the MCE is to identify policies and programs which will deliver significant improvements in energy efficiency through co-ordinated action by federal, state and territory government agencies.


National Electricity Code Administrator

The National Electricity Code Administrator (NECA) was established by the participating jurisdictions in the Australian National Electricity Market: the States of New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia and Victoria; and the Australian Capital Territory.  NECA’s main function is to supervise, administer and enforce the National Electricity Code which governs the conduct of the National Electricity Market.  The NECA Code Change Panel has published a series of reports on changes to the Code to improve demand-side participation in the National Electricity Market.


National Electricity Market Management Company

The National Electricity Market Management Company (NEMMCO) is the body corporate responsible for the administration and operation of the wholesale National Electricity Market in accordance with the National Electricity Code.  NEMMCO’s aim is to provide an effective infrastructure for the efficient operation of the wholesale national electricity market.  NEMMCO has been involved in implementing changes to the Code developed by NECA Code Change Panel to improve demand-side participation in the National Electricity Market.


National Framework for Energy Efficiency

The National Framework for Energy Efficiency is being developed on behalf of the Ministerial Council on Energy to define future directions for energy efficiency policy and programs in Australia.  The purpose of NFEE is to achieve a step change in Australia’s energy efficiency with the objective of unlocking the significant economic potential associated with increased implementation of energy efficient technologies and processes to deliver a least cost approach to energy provision in Australia.


NSW Department of Energy, Utilities and Sustainability

The NSW Department of Energy, Utilities and Sustainability now incorporates the former NSW Sustainable Energy Development Authority (SEDA).  SEDA was established by the NSW Government in 1996 to reduce the level of greenhouse gas emissions in NSW.  SEDA accomplished this by promoting investment in the commercialisation and use of sustainable energy technologies, including demand-side management.


NSW Greenhouse Gas Abatement Scheme

The NSW Greenhouse Gas Abatement Scheme imposes mandatory greenhouse gas benchmarks on all electricity retailers and certain other parties to abate the emission of greenhouse gases from the consumption of electricity in the State of New South Wales.  Parties who are liable to meet greenhouse benchmarks are required to reduce their emission of greenhouse gases to the level of their greenhouse gas benchmark by off-setting their excess emissions through the surrender of NSW Greenhouse Abatement Certificates (NGACs).  NGACs are created by accredited Abatement Certificate Providers and can be traded to benchmark participants.  Activities that result in reduced consumption of electricity (demand side abatement) are one of the four types of activities which can be used to create NGACs.


Websites – International

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Alliance to Save Energy – United States

The Alliance to Save Energy promotes energy efficiency worldwide to achieve a healthier economy, a cleaner environment and energy security.  Founded in 1977, the Alliance is a non-profit coalition of business, government, environmental and consumer leaders.  The Alliance supports energy efficiency as a cost-effective energy resource under existing market conditions and advocates energy-efficiency policies that minimize costs to society and individual consumers, and that lessen greenhouse gas emissions and their impact on the global climate.  The Alliance undertakes research, educational programs, and policy advocacy; designs and implements energy-efficiency projects; promotes technology development and deployment; and builds public-private partnerships.


American Council for an Energy Efficient Economy – United States

The American Council for an Energy-Efficient Economy (ACEEE) is a non-profit organisation dedicated to advancing energy efficiency as a means of promoting both economic prosperity and environmental protection.  ACEEE fulfils its mission by conducting in-depth technical and policy assessments, advising policymakers and program managers, working collaboratively with businesses and public interest groups, organising conferences and workshops, and publishing books, reports and conference proceedings.


Energy Saving Trust - United Kingdom

The Energy Saving Trust (EST) was set up by the UK Government after the 1992 Rio Earth Summit and is one of the UK's leading organisations addressing the damaging effects of climate change.  The EST goal is to achieve the sustainable and efficient use of energy, to cut the carbon dioxide emissions which are the key contributor to global warming.  EST is a non-profit organisation funded by governments and the private sector.  EST focuses on delivering practical solutions for households, small firms and the road transport sector - solutions which save energy and deliver cleaner air.


European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy

The European Council for an Energy Efficient Economy (ECEEE) is an independent, membership-based, non-profit association founded in 1993.  Its goal is to stimulate energy efficiency through information exchange and pan-European co-operation.  The members consist of policy makers, energy practitioners, NGO representatives and researchers involved in the study or promotion of energy efficiency.


International Energy Agency Demand Side Management Programme

The IEA Demand-Side Management Programme is an international collaboration with 17 IEA member countries and the European Commission, working to clarify and promote opportunities for demand-side management (DSM).  DSM is defined to include a variety of purposes such as load management, energy efficiency, strategic conservation and related activities.  DSM therefore provides a "tool-box" for utilities and governments in their work to make energy systems more suited to their purpose.  The IEA DSM Programme develops DSM tools which can be used under different regulatory regimes and market structures.


International Database on Energy Efficient Demand-Side Management Technologies and Programmes

INDEEP is an international database established and maintained by the International Energy Agency Demand Side Management Programme.  Currently INDEEP mainly consists of programs implemented by government agencies, utility companies and energy service companies in the countries participating in the project.  Data on comparable programs are summarised by marketing and delivery approaches, incentive mechanisms, technologies and costs.  Data is collected on program goals as well as results.


Regulatory Assistance Project – United States

The Regulatory Assistance Project (RAP) is a non-profit organisation, formed in 1992, that provides workshops and education assistance to state public utility regulators on electric utility regulation.  Workshops, addressed from the perspective of utility regulators, cover a wide range of topics including electric utility restructuring, power sector reform, renewable resource development, the development of competitive markets, performance based regulation, demand-side management and green pricing.  RAP has worked with public utility regulators in 45 states, Washington DC and in several other countries.


The Carbon Trust - United Kingdom

The Carbon Trust is an independent not for profit company set up by the United Kingdom Government with support from business to encourage and promote the development of low carbon technologies (both energy efficient technologies and low carbon energy supplies) to support the transition to a low carbon technology in the UK.  Key to this aim is its support for UK businesses in reducing carbon emissions through funding, supporting technological innovation and by encouraging more efficient working practices.


The Energy Coalition - United States

The Energy Coalition is a non-profit organisation that was formed to pool together major end-users into ‘energy cooperatives’.  Large commercial and industrial customers work together as members of these cooperatives to provide load management services to electricity utilities by shedding loads at critical peak times when called upon by their serving utilities.  Each member is paid to do so at a cost far less than the utility would have to pay to buy electricity generation peaking capacity.  By bringing together end-users and by pooling customers with highly diverse load profiles, energy cooperatives use ‘smart’ load management strategies with the least impact on participants.  This allows for customer control and flexibility in load curtailment.


The Results Center - United States

The Results Center was created to document and promote successful energy efficiency efforts by researching the best programs worldwide between 1992 and 1996.  The Results Center's profiles provide detailed information about demand-side management and energy efficiency programs and enable utilities, regulators, government agencies, energy service companies, consultants, research institutes, municipalities, and others to quickly incorporate the experiences of leading programs into their design, implementation, and evaluation activities.


Wuppertal Institute - Germany

The energy efficiency team at the Wuppertal Institute analyses how end-use energy efficiency can be promoted in liberalised energy markets.  The team develops and disseminates proposals and recommendations for policy mechanisms and instruments and organises a policy dialogue.

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